Emergency Lighting

Emergency Lighting

If you own or are responsible for commercial premises, an office or even certain domestic properties, getting emergency lighting fitted and maintained is an essential part of your duty. This is especially important in the event of a fire when staff or occupants will be entirely reliant on illuminated guidance to find and follow a safe route out of the building.

How Does it Work?

How Does it Work?

Emergency lighting works through a battery backup power source that is continuously charged while operating under normal conditions on mains power. Should the power fail, perhaps due to a fire or power outage, these fittings will detect the loss of power and immediately switch to backup battery. During this time, the lighting will conserve energy by reducing the output to around 10% of its usual amount, for a minimum period of three hours.

Maintained Fittings

Maintained Fittings

There are various types of light fittings designed to suit individual requirements, system capabilities and building types. A maintained fitting will operate just like a normal light and will be controlled in the same way as all the other lights in the area. However, the main difference with this type of unit is that if there is a power failure, a maintained fitting will continue to operate (unlike non-emergency lights), but at a reduced level. As such, these can be easily blended into the full lighting design and setup.

Non-maintained Fittings

Non-maintained Fittings

A non-maintained fitting will, unlike a maintained fitting, usually be kept switched off. During this time the batteries receive a continuous charge, while a green LED indicates that the light has a full charge. In the event of a power failure, the light fixture detects the outage and switches itself on, using the pre-charged battery supply. These types of non-maintained fittings are not part of the rest of the lighting setup and fall under the category of emergency exits signs, a familiar feature in theatres, cinemas and other public venues.

Do I Need Emergency Lighting?

Do I Need Emergency Lighting?

If you own or have responsibility for a building that is classified as non-domestic premises, then the answer to this is a resounding yes. Be aware that this also includes common areas of any house in multiple occupancies, or dormitory (such as hostels and university halls of residence), affecting many residential landlords. You must comply with the requirements laid out in the Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order of 2005, stating that emergency lighting of adequate intensity in the case of failure of normal lighting must be provided. This is a legal requirement, so it is important that your system is compliant and in full working order at all times.

To Comply with Regulations

To Comply with Regulations

As a vital part of fire and public safety, the presence and use of emergency lighting are subject to many regulations. To ensure that a successful and prompt escape can be made, the most direct and clear route has to be lit to a minimum of 1 lux (the unit of illuminance and luminous emittance) during an emergency scenario. Should the open area be less than 60m² and not part of an escape route then no emergency lighting is needed. However, all exit doors in the emergency escape routes are required to be signed or have a bulkhead light fitted. Stairwells pose an increased risk due to the difficulty traversing them in poor conditions and therefore these must be lit to a minimum of 2 lux during an emergency scenario.

Light Styles

Light Styles

FSL recognise that for many commercial premises, stylish fittings are important, as is the ambience a maintained light's style will convey. Although the primary role of emergency light is safety, there are plenty of options that allow for attractive and subtle effects. Recessed LEDs can be used where the environment requires an aesthetically pleasing solution, as well as downlights and luminaires designed to be easier on the eye than the more traditional strip-type office lights.

Do not take any risks with the safety of your staff or the law and let FSL take care of everything for you. We have a great deal of experience in installing and maintaining emergency lighting of all types, in a wide variety of premises. Following a detailed survey of your building, we will supply and install a system that works with the aesthetics and technical requirements of your premises, to achieve the best solution for your business or organisation.

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